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Sign & symptoms of gestational diabetes?

Usually, gestational diabetes may not cause any noticeable diabetes sign or symptoms. It is therefore crucial for every pregnant woman to get checked for sugar levels during their 8-12 weeks of pregnancy. If the result shows a high risk of gestational diabetes, a full-check-up of sugar testing will be required during the 24-28 weeks of pregnancy.

Sometimes, due to the high blood sugar levels, they may experience with symptoms like:

  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent infections – bladder, vagina, and skin
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss although have increased appetite

Women with gestational diabetes should not ignore their health checks even if they do not show any symptoms, as this form diabetes does not cause any sign or symptoms.

Apart from the regular health checks, as a part of monitoring of gestational diabetes, the health care team may advise the women to test for

  • Blood pressure –  a sharp rise can occur at 20th week of pregnancy, a condition called ‘preeclampsia’ and swollen face and hands are associated symptoms
    • can be fatal and result in long term problems if ignored
  • The presence of ketones – indicates that the fat from the mother’s body is broken down to ketones which are harmful for the baby.

Sometimes, the doctor may also advise some tests helpful to examine the baby’s health such as:

  • Ultrasound exams, which use sound waves to make images that show your baby’s growth and whether your baby is larger than normal
  • A non-stress test, which uses a monitor placed on your abdomen to check whether your baby’s heart rate increases as it should when your baby is active
  • Kick counts to check the time between your baby’s movements