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What are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition that develops quickly along with rapid onset and progression of symptoms, over a few days or weeks, especially in children. For older adults, this could be slower and symptoms develop over a few months.

It is important to recognize the symptoms while the disease is in early stages as quarter of the people have an acute complication, ketoacidosis by the time of diagnosis.

There are 4 typical symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Thirst - as sugar gets build up in blood, kidneys try to flush this off through urine but along with sugar water is also lost form the body causing dehydration

  • Feeling thirsty even after having a bottle or two of water
  • Repeatedly waking during nights to drink water

Thinner – although sugar is accumulated in blood, cells will not be able to take this glucose for energy and body tries to derive energy by breaking down muscle proteins, therefore causing muscle loss and reduced weight

  • Losing weight even on eating sufficient food, without any reason

Toilet – while kidney tries to filter and eliminate sugar, water also comes out through urine leading to increased urination

  • If you notice short gaps between going to the toilet, and urinating during the nights which was not usual before, you may suspect diabetes
  • Bedwetting in a child who has been dry previously

Tired – lack of insulin causes reduced energy for body cells making the person feel tired

  • If a child or person who is normally active starts finding difficulty in doing certain things or physical activities

Other common symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Feeling very hungry – even while eating enough
  • Having a blurry vision
  • Itchiness near genitals, or infections
  • Slowed wound healing
  • Irritability and other mood changes

When the disease is not evaluated and managed in early stages, this could lead to extremely high blood sugar levels resulting in a medical emergency called diabetic ketoacidosis, and the individual shows following signs and symptoms

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fruity smell from the breath
  • A high body temperature
  • Stomach pain

This condition needs urgent medical attention and hospital admission.