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Treating Type 2 Diabetes

If people with type 2 diabetes are not diagnosed in time, they will have long periods of high blood sugar that causes damage to various body parts. In fact, people already show evidence of complications of heart, nerve, kidney, eye etc. even at the time of the first diagnosis of diabetes. Therefore, all people at risk of type 2 diabetes should get checked, even if they feel that they cannot spot any symptoms clearly.

What are the treatments of type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes is very common these days but that doesn’t meant that every individual has the same diabetes treatment plan. We highly encourage diabetics and their families to learn about latest therapies, treatment and approaches, as well as healthy lifestyle choices. This is where good communication with your diabetes experts come into play.

No treatment can completely cure diabetes, but the impact of the disease on overall health and complications can be reduced by bringing the sugar level close to normal through:

  • Maintaining healthy diet
  • Staying physically active through regular exercise
    • Approximately 150 min of exercise per week such as walking, jogging, bike riding, skipping, swimming, etc. Another alternative is 75 minutes of vigorous intensity exercises each week, but only after your doctor has affirmed that your body can take that intensity.
  • Taking anti-diabetic medications regularly as suggested by your doctor
    • Unlike type 1 diabetes, where insulin is the main stay of treatment, various treatment options including insulin and also oral anti-diabetic drugs are available for managing type 2 diabetes
    • Depending on various conditions such as comorbidities and complications, and risk of hypoglycaemia, weight consideration, your doctor may put you on the best possible treatment
  • Monitoring the sugar levels regularly
  • Taking medicines for managing the complications of the eye, kidney and heart
  • Prevention of foot problems by taking good care of your feet
  • Quitting smoking and reducing the alcohol intake which have significant impact on the complications
  • Maintaining lipid levels and blood pressure under control

Monitoring your diabetes treatment

Following all the steps recommended by your doctor in your diabetes management is a must but what’s equally important is monitoring that treatment in a diabetes centre. This will indicate whether the current treatment is bearing fruit or alterations to your regime are required. For example, your blood sugar may be well controlled by lifestyle measures alone for a number of years but in time, you may need to add in one tablet. Later, you may need another. The only way to understand these requirements is by regular monitoring at our diabetes centre.

Blood lipids Blood pressure
High Density Cholesterol:
Men >40 mg/dL; Women >50 mg/dL
Low Density Cholesterol:
Very low Density Cholesterol:
(as discussed with your physician)
Target: 130/80 mm/Hg or less
(as discussed with your physician)