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People living with diabetes may have to deal with short-term or long-term complications as a result of their condition. Short term complications are called acute complications, and these acute complications of diabetes can occur at any time in the course of the disorder. Let’s learn more about these complications because a crucial part of managing diabetes is being fully informed about the condition.

Acute diabetes complications can be divided into two:

  1. Hyperglycemic Emergencies
    • Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State
    • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  2. Hypoglycemia, where a person’s blood sugar levels are dangerously low, below 70 mg.dL

Hyperglycemic Emergencies

Extremely high levels of blood sugar in diabetes patients (>600 mg.dL) leads to fatal hyperglycemic emergencies that include Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State and Diabetic ketoacidosis. Let’s know a little more about hyperglycemic emergencies or hyperglycemia.


Dangerously low blood glucose levels that drop below 70 mg/dL is termed as hypoglycemia. It is an acute complication of diabetes and occurs in individuals who use insulin or specific kinds of oral diabetes medication. You must ask your diabetes expert if hypoglycemia should be a concern if you use oral diabetes medications. Find out more about hypoglycemia.