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DIABETIC PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE

When the vascular system, outside of the heart or brain is affected, it is referred to as Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD), i.e, when blood vessels away from the heart, become blocked or damaged in some way. When blood glucose levels are too high for too long, or fluctuate between highs and lows, people with diabetes put themselves at risk for diabetic peripheral vascular disease.

PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE SYMPTOMS

Nearly half of the patients with peripheral vascular disease cannot not notice any symptoms. It’s important to be aware so that you don’t delay a consultation with a diabetes specialist. Here are some symptoms of diabetic peripheral vascular disease:

  1. Pain in the buttocks or extremities, including the thighs or calves
  2. A blue tint to the toes
  3. Numbness in the legs or feet
  4. A heavy feeling in the limbs
  5. Cold feet
  6. Pain, cramping or aching in the legs on walking or exercising (that is relieved on taking rest for a few minutes)
  7. Skin redness
  8. Frequent infections
  9. Foot pain
  10. Wounds on the feet and toes that won’t heal

DIABETIC PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE CAUSES

In simple terms, this occurs when plaque (composed of cholesterol and other fatty substances found in the blood) builds up and creates a blockage in the blood vessels, keeping blood from flowing properly.

Risk factors for diabetic peripheral vascular disease include:

  1. Smoking
  2. Hypertension
  3. High levels of fat or cholesterol
  4. Age
  5. Duration of diabetes
  6. Persistently high glucose levels

PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE PREVENTION/MANAGEMENT

People with diabetes can do a lot to protect themselves against PVD and keep their blood vessels clear. Here are some ways to make a start:

  1. Quit smoking
  2. Keep blood glucose and blood pressure under control
  3. Keep blood fats close to normal
  4. Eat a healthy diet, low in salt, cholesterol, and fat
  5. Being physically active
We would love to understand more about your concerns and experiences with diabetes. Do feel free to call us at our toll no or visit any of our diabetes care centers located near you